In Europe, Albania is ranked among the most varied plant species, related to climate, soil, relief and so on. In the western regions dominate the Mediterranean vegetation types such as sea bass, heath, vermin, etc., while in them, the plants of Eastern and Central Europe such as oak, beech, fir, black pines etc. There are also many endemic plants, i.e plants that are only in our country.

Because of the predominance of the mostly hill-mountain relief, which is subject to visible changes in climate and other factors, the vegetation is scaled vertically in four generations: the breeze of the trees and the Mediterranean forests, the oak breeds, and of the conifers and the alpine pasture belt.

Prespa National Park

The Environment of Albania

With the coastline of Albania facing the Adriatic and Ionian seas, its highlands supported on the raised Balkan land and all extending to a width subjected to a series of weather patterns during the winter and summer seasons, Albania has a number of large climatic regions for such a small area. Coastal ponds have a typical Mediterranean climate, heights have a continental climate. In both low and low areas, weather varies significantly from north to south.


Inland temperatures are more affected by differences in height than by width or some other factor. Low winter temperatures in the mountains are caused by continental air masses dominating the weather in Eastern Europe and the Balkans. Northeastern and northeastern winds hit most of the time. Average summer temperatures are lower than in coastal areas and much lower at higher altitudes, but daily fluctuations are greater. Maximum daytime temperatures in the inner ponds and river valleys are very high, but the nights are almost always fresh.

Lurimi Shpk



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